Gold Bohr model

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Gold Bohr model
Gold Bohr model

The Bohr model of gold contains a nucleus having 79 protons and 118 neutrons in the center, and around this nucleus, there are six electron shells containing 79 electrons.

Steps

Here’s how you can draw the Bohr model of gold step by step.

#1 Write protons, neutrons, and electrons of gold atom
#2 Draw nucleus of gold atom
#3 Draw 1st electron shell
#4 Draw 2nd electron shell
#5 Draw 3rd electron shell
#6 Draw 4th electron shell
#7 Draw 5th electron shell
#8 Draw 6th electron shell

Let’s break down each step in detail.

#1 Write protons, neutrons, and electrons of gold atom

Gold has 79 protons, 118 neutrons, and 79 electrons.

#2 Draw nucleus of gold atom

The nucleus of a gold atom contains 79 protons and 118 neutrons. So draw the nucleus of gold atom as follows:

Gold nucleus
Gold nucleus

Now in the next step, draw the 1st electron shell and start marking electrons.

#3 Draw 1st electron shell

Remember that we have a total of 79 electrons.

The 1st electron shell (containing s subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 2 electrons. So draw the 1st electron shell as follows:

Gold shell 1
Gold 1st electron shell drawn

In the above image, 1 represents the 1st electron shell that contains 1s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 1st electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

Since we have already used 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, now we have 79 – 2 = 77 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 2nd electron shell.

#4 Draw 2nd electron shell

The 2nd electron shell (containing s subshell and p subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 8 electrons. So draw the 2nd electron shell as follows:

Gold shell 2
Gold 2nd electron shell drawn

In the above image, 2 represents the 2nd electron shell that contains 2s and 2p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 2nd electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.

Now we have already used 10 electrons in 1st and 2nd electron shells, so we have 79 – 10 = 69 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 3rd electron shell.

#5 Draw 3rd electron shell

The 3rd electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, and d subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 18 electrons. So draw the 3rd electron shell as follows:

Gold shell 3
Gold 3rd electron shell drawn

In the above image, 3 represents the 3rd electron shell that contains 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells. And the green, orange, and pink color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 3rd electron shell has a total of 18 electrons.

Now we have already used 28 electrons in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd electron shells, so we have 79 – 28 = 51 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 4th electron shell.

#6 Draw 4th electron shell

The 4th electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, d subshell, and f subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 32 electrons. So draw the 4th electron shell as follows:

Gold shell 4
Gold 4th electron shell drawn

In the above image, 4 represents the 4th electron shell that contains 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f subshells. And the green, orange, pink, and blue color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 4th electron shell has a total of 32 electrons.

Now we have already used 60 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th electron shells, so we have 79 – 60 = 19 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 5th electron shell.

#7 Draw 5th electron shell

The 5th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 50 electrons. So draw the 5th electron shell as follows:

Gold shell 5
Gold 5th electron shell drawn

In the above image, 5 represents the 5th electron shell that contains 5s, 5p, and 5d subshells. And the green, orange, and pink color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 5th electron shell has a total of 18 electrons.

The 5th electron shell contains only 5s, 5p, and 5d subshells, and not a 5f subshell. This is because according to the aufbau principle, the 6s subshell is filled first and then 4f, 5d, 6p… and so on.

Now we have already used 78 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th electron shells, so we have 79 – 78 = 1 electron left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 6th electron shell.

#8 Draw 6th electron shell

The 6th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 72 electrons. So draw the 6th electron shell as follows:

Gold shell 6
Gold 6th electron shell drawn

In the above image, 6 represents the 6th electron shell that contains 6s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 6th electron shell has a total of 1 electron.

That’s it! This is the final Bohr model of gold atom as we have used all 79 electrons: 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, 8 electrons in the 2nd electron shell, 18 electrons in the 3rd electron shell, 32 electrons in the 4th electron shell, 18 electrons in the 5th electron shell, and 1 electron in the 6th electron shell.

Next: Mercury Bohr model

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Deep

Learnool.com was founded by Deep Rana, who is a mechanical engineer by profession and a blogger by passion. He has a good conceptual knowledge on different educational topics and he provides the same on this website. He loves to learn something new everyday and believes that the best utilization of free time is developing a new skill.

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