# AsO2- Lewis structure

AsO2 has one arsenic atom and two oxygen atoms.

In AsO2 Lewis structure, there is one single bond and one double bond around the arsenic atom, with two oxygen atoms attached to it. The oxygen atom with a single bond has three lone pairs, the oxygen atom with a double bond has two lone pairs, and the arsenic atom has one lone pair.

Also, there is a negative (-1) charge on the oxygen atom with a single bond.

Contents

## Steps

Here’s how you can easily draw the AsO2 Lewis structure step by step:

#1 Draw a rough skeleton structure
#2 Mention lone pairs on the atoms
#3 If needed, mention formal charges on the atoms
#4 Minimize formal charges by converting lone pairs of the atoms, and try to get a stable Lewis structure
#5 Repeat step 4 again if needed, until all charges are minimized

Now, let’s take a closer look at each step mentioned above.

### #1 Draw a rough skeleton structure

• First, determine the total number of valence electrons

In the periodic table, arsenic lies in group 15, and oxygen lies in group 16.

Hence, arsenic has five valence electrons and oxygen has six valence electrons.

Since AsO2 has one arsenic atom and two oxygen atoms, so…

Valence electrons of one arsenic atom = 5 × 1 = 5
Valence electrons of two oxygen atoms = 6 × 2 = 12

Now the AsO2 has a negative (-1) charge, so we have to add one more electron.

So the total valence electrons = 5 + 12 + 1 = 18

• Second, find the total electron pairs

We have a total of 18 valence electrons. And when we divide this value by two, we get the value of total electron pairs.

Total electron pairs = total valence electrons ÷ 2

So the total electron pairs = 18 ÷ 2 = 9

• Third, determine the central atom

We have to place the least electronegative atom at the center.

Since arsenic is less electronegative than oxygen, assume that the central atom is arsenic.

Therefore, place arsenic in the center and oxygens on either side.

• And finally, draw the rough sketch

### #2 Mention lone pairs on the atoms

Here, we have a total of 9 electron pairs. And two As — O bonds are already marked. So we have to only mark the remaining seven electron pairs as lone pairs on the sketch.

Also remember that arsenic is a period 4 element, so it can keep more than 8 electrons in its last shell. And oxygen is a period 2 element, so it can not keep more than 8 electrons in its last shell.

Always start to mark the lone pairs from outside atoms. Here, the outside atoms are oxygens.

So for each oxygen, there are three lone pairs, and for arsenic, there is one lone pair.

Mark the lone pairs on the sketch as follows:

### #3 If needed, mention formal charges on the atoms

Use the following formula to calculate the formal charges on atoms:

Formal charge = valence electrons – nonbonding electrons – ½ bonding electrons

For arsenic atom, formal charge = 5 – 2 – ½ (4) = +1

For each oxygen atom, formal charge = 6 – 6 – ½ (2) = -1

Here, both arsenic and oxygen atoms have charges, so mark them on the sketch as follows:

The above structure is not a stable Lewis structure because both arsenic and oxygen atoms have charges. Therefore, reduce the charges (as below) by converting lone pairs to bonds.

### #4 Minimize formal charges by converting lone pairs of the atoms

Convert a lone pair of the oxygen atom to make a new As — O bond with the arsenic atom as follows:

In the above structure, you can see that the central atom (arsenic) forms an octet. And the outside atoms (oxygens) also form an octet. Hence, the octet rule is satisfied.

Now there is still a negative (-1) charge on the oxygen atom.

This is okay, because the structure with a negative charge on the most electronegative atom is the best Lewis structure. And in this case, the most electronegative element is oxygen.

Also, the above structure is more stable than the previous structures. Therefore, this structure is the most stable Lewis structure of AsO2.

And since the AsO2 has a negative (-1) charge, mention that charge on the Lewis structure by drawing brackets as follows:

Next: SBr4 Lewis structure