Cadmium Bohr model

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Cadmium Bohr model
Cadmium Bohr model

In the cadmium Bohr model, the nucleus comprises 48 protons and 64 neutrons. Surrounding this nucleus are five electron shells, accommodating a total of 48 electrons.

To draw the cadmium Bohr model, outline the 48 protons, 64 neutrons, and 48 electrons. Begin by sketching the nucleus, and then draw the five electron shells. The first four shells should contain 2, 8, 18, and 18 electrons, respectively, while the fifth shell holds the remaining 2 electrons.

Steps

Write protons, neutrons, and electrons of cadmium atom

Cadmium has 48 protons, 64 neutrons, and 48 electrons.

Draw nucleus of cadmium atom

The nucleus of a cadmium atom contains 48 protons and 64 neutrons. So draw the nucleus of cadmium atom as follows:

Cadmium nucleus
Cadmium nucleus

Now in the next step, draw the 1st electron shell and start marking electrons.

Draw 1st electron shell

Remember that we have a total of 48 electrons.

The 1st electron shell (containing s subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 2 electrons. So draw the 1st electron shell as follows:

Cadmium shell 1
Cadmium 1st electron shell drawn

In the above image, 1 represents the 1st electron shell that contains 1s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 1st electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

Since we have already used 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, now we have 48 – 2 = 46 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 2nd electron shell.

Draw 2nd electron shell

The 2nd electron shell (containing s subshell and p subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 8 electrons. So draw the 2nd electron shell as follows:

Cadmium shell 2
Cadmium 2nd electron shell drawn

In the above image, 2 represents the 2nd electron shell that contains 2s and 2p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 2nd electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.

Now we have already used 10 electrons in 1st and 2nd electron shells, so we have 48 – 10 = 38 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 3rd electron shell.

Draw 3rd electron shell

The 3rd electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, and d subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 18 electrons. So draw the 3rd electron shell as follows:

Cadmium shell 3
Cadmium 3rd electron shell drawn

In the above image, 3 represents the 3rd electron shell that contains 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells. And the green, orange, and pink color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 3rd electron shell has a total of 18 electrons.

Now we have already used 28 electrons in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd electron shells, so we have 48 – 28 = 20 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 4th electron shell.

Draw 4th electron shell

The 4th electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, d subshell, and f subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 32 electrons. So draw the 4th electron shell as follows:

Cadmium shell 4
Cadmium 4th electron shell drawn

In the above image, 4 represents the 4th electron shell that contains 4s, 4p, and 4d subshells. And the green, orange, and pink color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 4th electron shell has a total of 18 electrons.

The 4th electron shell contains only 4s, 4p, and 4d subshells, and not a 4f subshell. This is because according to the aufbau principle, the 5s subshell is filled first and then 4d, 5p, 6s… and so on.

Now we have already used 46 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th electron shells, so we have 48 – 46 = 2 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 5th electron shell.

Draw 5th electron shell

The 5th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 50 electrons. So draw the 5th electron shell as follows:

Cadmium shell 5
Cadmium 5th electron shell drawn

In the above image, 5 represents the 5th electron shell that contains 5s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 5th electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

That’s it! This is the final Bohr model of cadmium atom as we have used all 48 electrons: 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, 8 electrons in the 2nd electron shell, 18 electrons in the 3rd electron shell, 18 electrons in the 4th electron shell, and 2 electrons in the 5th electron shell.

Next: Hafnium Bohr model

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Learnool.com was founded by Deep Rana, who is a mechanical engineer by profession and a blogger by passion. He has a good conceptual knowledge on different educational topics and he provides the same on this website. He loves to learn something new everyday and believes that the best utilization of free time is developing a new skill.

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