# Molybdenum Bohr model

The molybdenum Bohr model illustrates a nucleus with 42 protons and 54 neutrons. Surrounding this nucleus are five electron shells, housing a total of 42 electrons.

To draw the molybdenum Bohr model, outline the 42 protons, 54 neutrons, and 42 electrons. Start by illustrating the nucleus, and then draw the five electron shells. The first four shells should contain 2, 8, 18, and 13 electrons, respectively, while the fifth shell holds the remaining 1 electron.

Contents

## Steps

### Write protons, neutrons, and electrons of molybdenum atom

Molybdenum has 42 protons, 54 neutrons, and 42 electrons.

### Draw nucleus of molybdenum atom

The nucleus of a molybdenum atom contains 42 protons and 54 neutrons. So draw the nucleus of molybdenum atom as follows:

Now in the next step, draw the 1st electron shell and start marking electrons.

### Draw 1st electron shell

Remember that we have a total of 42 electrons.

The 1st electron shell (containing s subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 2 electrons. So draw the 1st electron shell as follows:

In the above image, 1 represents the 1st electron shell that contains 1s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 1st electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

Since we have already used 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, now we have 42 – 2 = 40 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 2nd electron shell.

### Draw 2nd electron shell

The 2nd electron shell (containing s subshell and p subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 8 electrons. So draw the 2nd electron shell as follows:

In the above image, 2 represents the 2nd electron shell that contains 2s and 2p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 2nd electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.

Now we have already used 10 electrons in 1st and 2nd electron shells, so we have 42 – 10 = 32 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 3rd electron shell.

### Draw 3rd electron shell

The 3rd electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, and d subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 18 electrons. So draw the 3rd electron shell as follows:

In the above image, 3 represents the 3rd electron shell that contains 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells. And the green, orange, and pink color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 3rd electron shell has a total of 18 electrons.

Now we have already used 28 electrons in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd electron shells, so we have 42 – 28 = 14 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 4th electron shell.

### Draw 4th electron shell

The 4th electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, d subshell, and f subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 32 electrons. So draw the 4th electron shell as follows:

In the above image, 4 represents the 4th electron shell that contains 4s, 4p, and 4d subshells. And the green, orange, and pink color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 4th electron shell has a total of 13 electrons.

The 4th electron shell contains only 4s, 4p, and 4d subshells, and not a 4f subshell. This is because according to the aufbau principle, the 5s subshell is filled first and then 4d, 5p, 6s… and so on.

Now we have already used 41 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th electron shells, so we have 42 – 41 = 1 electron left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 5th electron shell.

Note: A half-full 4d subshell is more stable than a partially filled 4d subshell. That’s why the 4d subshell has five electrons (instead of four electrons). And the 5s subshell has one electron (instead of two electrons).

For a detailed explanation, check the orbital diagram of molybdenum.

### Draw 5th electron shell

The 5th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 50 electrons. So draw the 5th electron shell as follows:

In the above image, 5 represents the 5th electron shell that contains 5s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 5th electron shell has a total of 1 electron.

That’s it! This is the final Bohr model of molybdenum atom as we have used all 42 electrons: 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, 8 electrons in the 2nd electron shell, 18 electrons in the 3rd electron shell, 13 electrons in the 4th electron shell, and 1 electron in the 5th electron shell.

Next: Silver Bohr model