The orbital diagram of sulfur shows that the 1s subshell has 2 electrons, the 2s subshell has 2 electrons, the 2p subshell has 6 electrons, the 3s subshell has 2 electrons, and the 3p subshell has 4 electrons.
Here’s how you can draw the orbital diagram of sulfur step by step.
#1 Find electrons of sulfur
#2 Write electron configuration of sulfur
#3 Draw orbital diagram of sulfur
Let’s break down each step in detail.
The atomic number of sulfur represents the total number of electrons of sulfur. Since the atomic number of sulfur is 16, the total electrons of sulfur are 16.
Write electron configuration
The electron configuration of sulfur is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4.
Now in the next step, start drawing the orbital diagram for sulfur.
Draw orbital diagram
Before drawing the orbital diagram, you should know the three general rules.
- Aufbau principle – electrons are first filled in lowest energy orbital and then in higher energy orbital
- Pauli exclusion principle – two electrons with the same spin can not occupy the same orbital
- Hund’s rule – each orbital should be first filled with one electron before being paired with a second electron
Also, you should know the number of orbitals in each subshell.
We can calculate the number of orbitals in each subshell using the formula: 2ℓ + 1
Where, ℓ = azimuthal quantum number of the subshell
For s subshell, ℓ = 0
For p subshell, ℓ = 1
For d subshell, ℓ = 2
For f subshell, ℓ = 3
So each s subshell has one orbital, each p subshell has three orbitals, each d subshell has five orbitals, and each f subshell has seven orbitals.
Now start to draw!
As mentioned above, the electron configuration of sulfur is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4. Hence, draw the blank orbital diagram of sulfur up to 3p subshell as follows:
In the above orbital diagram, the box represents an orbital. Each orbital has a capacity of two electrons. And the arrows (↑↓) are drawn inside the box to represent electrons.
Now 1s2 indicates that the 1s subshell has 2 electrons. So draw two arrows in the 1s box showing two electrons as follows:
2s2 indicates that the 2s subshell has 2 electrons. So draw two arrows in the 2s box showing two electrons as follows:
2p6 indicates that the 2p subshell has 6 electrons. So draw six arrows in the 2p box showing six electrons as follows:
3s2 indicates that the 3s subshell has 2 electrons. So draw two arrows in the 3s box showing two electrons as follows:
3p4 indicates that the 3p subshell has 4 electrons. So draw four arrows in the 3p box showing four electrons as follows:
That’s it! This is the final orbital diagram of sulfur as we have used all 16 electrons.
Next: Chlorine orbital diagram
- Sulfur Bohr model
- Sulfur electron configuration
- Sulfur protons neutrons electrons
- Sulfur valence electrons
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