Unbalanced force

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Unbalanced force example
Unbalanced force example | Image: Stock photo[●]

An unbalanced force is a force that causes a change in the motion of an object.[1][2] It occurs when the forces acting on an object are not balanced and do not cancel each other out. As a result, the object is not in a state of equilibrium and will experience acceleration.[3]

Examples

Seesaw in motion

Unbalanced force example - seesaw in motion
Unbalanced force causing the seesaw to move up and down | Image: Stock photo[●]

A seesaw provides a clear example of an unbalanced force in action. Imagine a seesaw with two individuals of different weights sitting on each end. Since their weights are unequal, there is an imbalance of forces on the seesaw. The side with the heavier person exerts a stronger downward force, causing that end to lower while the other end rises. This movement occurs because the forces acting on the seesaw are unequal, resulting in an unbalanced force. The seesaw continues to tilt until the forces become balanced or until another force comes into play. This unbalanced force is responsible for the dynamic motion observed on a seesaw.

Sliding book

Unbalanced force example - sliding book
Unbalanced force causing the book to slide on a slanted surface | Image: Learnool

When a book is placed on a slanted surface, it tends to slide downwards. This sliding motion occurs because of an unbalanced force acting on the book. Normally, when a book rests on a flat surface, the forces acting on it are balanced, with an equal upward force countering the downward force of gravity. However, on a slanted surface, the forces are no longer equal. The force pulling the book downwards becomes stronger than the upward force, causing the book to slide. This difference in force magnitudes creates an unbalanced force that initiates the sliding motion. So, when a book is placed on a slanted surface and starts sliding downwards, it’s an indication of an unbalanced force at play.

Moving wooden block

Unbalanced force example - moving wooden block
Unbalanced force causing the wooden block to move when pushed by hand | Image: Stock photo[●]

When a wooden block is pushed with force, it moves forward, indicating the presence of an unbalanced force. Initially, the wooden block is in a state of balance with equal upward and downward forces, keeping it stationary. However, when an external force is applied to the block, it undergoes slight forward movement, signifying the existence of an unbalanced force.

Kicked football

Unbalanced force example - kicked football
Unbalanced force propelling the football forward after a leg kick | Image: Stock photo[●]

When a football is kicked with the leg, it experiences an unbalanced force that propels it into motion.[4] The act of kicking imparts an external force on the football, disrupting its state of rest and initiating its movement. This unbalanced force is responsible for the change in the football’s motion, allowing it to travel in the direction of the kick.

Snowmobile in motion

Unbalanced force example - snowmobile in motion
Unbalanced force driving the heavy snowmobile from rest | Image: Stock photo[●]

When a snowmobile is pushed or pulled by hand, it demonstrates unbalanced force. Unbalanced forces occur when the net force acting on an object is not zero, causing it to accelerate or change its motion. In this case, the applied force by the person creates an unbalanced force on the snowmobile. If the applied force is greater than the opposing forces like friction and air resistance, the snowmobile accelerates. Conversely, if the opposing forces are greater, the snowmobile decelerates or comes to a stop.

Accelerating car

Unbalanced force example - accelerating car
Unbalanced force causing car to gain speed | Image: Stock photo[●]

When a car starts and accelerates forward, it experiences an unbalanced force.[5] Prior to starting, a car is in a state of balance, with upward and downward forces balancing each other. However, when the car is started, the engine exerts a force that propels the car forward, causing it to accelerate. This force, which enables the car to accelerate, can indeed be referred to as an unbalanced force.

Related

Image credit

  • The stock photos used in this post are sourced from platforms like Pexels, Pixabay, Canva, etc. Due to the age of the images, their specific origins remain unknown.

References

  1. What Happens When Forces Are Balanced or Unbalanced? – Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District
  2. Forces and interactions – NYU Tandon School of Engineering
  3. the unbalanced force – University of Alaska Fairbanks
  4. Newton’s First Law – CK-12 Foundation
  5. forces and motion the downhill racer – The University of Akron

External links

Deep

Learnool.com was founded by Deep Rana, who is a mechanical engineer by profession and a blogger by passion. He has a good conceptual knowledge on different educational topics and he provides the same on this website. He loves to learn something new everyday and believes that the best utilization of free time is developing a new skill.

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