The bohr model of carbon contains a nucleus having 6 protons and 6 neutrons in the center, and around this nucleus, there are two electron shells containing 6 electrons.
Here’s how you can draw the bohr model of carbon step by step.
Step #1: write protons, neutrons, and electrons of carbon atom
Step #2: draw nucleus of carbon atom
Step #3: draw 1st electron shell
Step #4: draw 2nd electron shell
Let’s break down each step in detail.
#1 Write Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons of Carbon Atom
Carbon has 6 protons, 6 neutrons, and 6 electrons.
Learn how to find: Carbon Protons Neutrons Electrons
#2 Draw Nucleus of Carbon Atom
The nucleus of a carbon atom contains 6 protons and 6 neutrons. So draw the nucleus of carbon atom as follows:
Now in the next step, draw the 1st electron shell and start marking electrons.
#3 Draw 1st Electron Shell
Remember that we have a total of 6 electrons.
The 1st electron shell (containing s subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 2 electrons. So draw the 1st electron shell as follows:
In the above image, 1 represents the 1st electron shell that contains 1s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 1st electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.
Since we have already used 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, now we have 6 – 2 = 4 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 2nd electron shell.
#4 Draw 2nd Electron Shell
The 2nd electron shell (containing s subshell and p subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 8 electrons. So draw the 2nd electron shell as follows:
In the above image, 2 represents the 2nd electron shell that contains 2s and 2p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 2nd electron shell has a total of 4 electrons.
That’s it! This is the final bohr model of carbon atom as we have used all 6 electrons: 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell and 4 electrons in the 2nd electron shell.
Next: Nitrogen Bohr Model
- Carbon Element
- Carbon Orbital Diagram
- Carbon Protons Neutrons and Electrons
- Carbon Valence Electrons