Plutonium Bohr Model

Plutonium Bohr Model

The bohr model of plutonium contains a nucleus having 94 protons and 150 neutrons in the center, and around this nucleus, there are seven electron shells containing 94 electrons.

Steps

Here’s how you can draw the bohr model of plutonium step by step.

Step #1: find protons, neutrons, and electrons of plutonium atom
Step #2: draw nucleus of plutonium atom
Step #3: draw 1st electron shell
Step #4: draw 2nd electron shell
Step #5: draw 3rd electron shell
Step #6: draw 4th electron shell
Step #7: draw 5th electron shell
Step #8: draw 6th electron shell
Step #9: draw 7th electron shell

Let’s break down each step in detail.

#1 Find Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons of Plutonium Atom

Plutonium has 94 protons, 150 neutrons, and 94 electrons.

Plutonium Protons

  • Protons = atomic number

From the periodic table, find the atomic number of plutonium.

The atomic number of plutonium is 94. Hence, plutonium has a total of 94 protons.

Plutonium Neutrons

  • Neutrons = atomic mass – atomic number
Plutonium Neutrons

The atomic mass of plutonium is 244 and the atomic number of plutonium is 94.

Subtract the atomic number (94) from the atomic mass (244). Hence, plutonium has a total of 244 – 94 = 150 neutrons.

Plutonium Electrons

  • Electrons = atomic number
Plutonium Electrons

The atomic number of plutonium is 94. Hence, plutonium has a total of 94 electrons.

#2 Draw Nucleus of Plutonium Atom

The nucleus of a plutonium atom contains 94 protons and 150 neutrons. So draw the nucleus of plutonium atom as follows:

Plutonium Nucleus

Now in the next step, draw the 1st electron shell and start marking electrons.

#3 Draw 1st Electron Shell

Remember that we have a total of 94 electrons.

The 1st electron shell (containing s subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 2 electrons. So draw the 1st electron shell as follows:

Plutonium Shell 1

In the above image, 1 represents the 1st electron shell that contains 1s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 1st electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

Since we have already used 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, now we have 94 – 2 = 92 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 2nd electron shell.

#4 Draw 2nd Electron Shell

The 2nd electron shell (containing s subshell and p subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 8 electrons. So draw the 2nd electron shell as follows:

Plutonium Shell 2

In the above image, 2 represents the 2nd electron shell that contains 2s and 2p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 2nd electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.

Now we have already used 10 electrons in 1st and 2nd electron shells, so we have 94 – 10 = 84 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 3rd electron shell.

#5 Draw 3rd Electron Shell

The 3rd electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, and d subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 18 electrons. So draw the 3rd electron shell as follows:

Plutonium Shell 3

In the above image, 3 represents the 3rd electron shell that contains 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells. And the green, orange, and pink color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 3rd electron shell has a total of 18 electrons.

Now we have already used 28 electrons in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd electron shells, so we have 94 – 28 = 66 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 4th electron shell.

#6 Draw 4th Electron Shell

The 4th electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, d subshell, and f subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 32 electrons. So draw the 4th electron shell as follows:

Plutonium Shell 4

In the above image, 4 represents the 4th electron shell that contains 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f subshells. And the green, orange, pink, and blue color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 4th electron shell has a total of 32 electrons.

Now we have already used 60 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th electron shells, so we have 94 – 60 = 34 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 5th electron shell.

#7 Draw 5th Electron Shell

The 5th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 50 electrons. So draw the 5th electron shell as follows:

Plutonium Shell 5

In the above image, 5 represents the 5th electron shell that contains 5s, 5p, 5d, and 5f subshells. And the green, orange, pink, and blue color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 5th electron shell has a total of 24 electrons.

In the 5th electron shell, the 5f subshell has only six electrons. This is because according to the aufbau principle, the 6s subshell is filled first and then 4f, 5d, 6p… and so on.

Now we have already used 84 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th electron shells, so we have 94 – 84 = 10 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 5th electron shell.

Still have a question: Why does the 5f subshell have only six electrons?

Answer: Once the 7s subshell is completely filled, then only we can mark electrons in the 5f subshell. That’s why in the 5th electron shell, the 5f subshell has only six electrons.

For a detailed explanation, check the orbital diagram of plutonium.

#8 Draw 6th Electron Shell

The 6th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 72 electrons. So draw the 6th electron shell as follows:

Plutonium Shell 6

In the above image, 6 represents the 6th electron shell that contains 6s and 6p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 6th electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.

The 6th electron shell contains only 6s and 6p subshells, and not 6d and 6f subshells. This is because according to the aufbau principle, the 7s subshell is filled first and then 5f, 6d, 7p… and so on.

Now we have already used 92 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th electron shells, so we have 94 – 92 = 2 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 7th electron shell.

#9 Draw 7th Electron Shell

The 7th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 98 electrons. So draw the 7th electron shell as follows:

Plutonium Shell 7

In the above image, 7 represents the 7th electron shell that contains 7s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 7th electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

That’s it! This is the final bohr model of plutonium atom as we have used all 94 electrons: 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, 8 electrons in the 2nd electron shell, 18 electrons in the 3rd electron shell, 32 electrons in the 4th electron shell, 24 electrons in the 5th electron shell, 8 electrons in the 6th electron shell, and 2 electrons in the 7th electron shell.

Next: Americium Bohr Model

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