Radium Bohr Model

Radium Bohr Model

The bohr model of radium contains a nucleus having 88 protons and 138 neutrons in the center, and around this nucleus, there are seven electron shells containing 88 electrons.

Steps

Here’s how you can draw the bohr model of radium step by step.

Step #1: find protons, neutrons, and electrons of radium atom
Step #2: draw nucleus of radium atom
Step #3: draw 1st electron shell
Step #4: draw 2nd electron shell
Step #5: draw 3rd electron shell
Step #6: draw 4th electron shell
Step #7: draw 5th electron shell
Step #8: draw 6th electron shell
Step #9: draw 7th electron shell

Let’s break down each step in detail.

#1 Find Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons of Radium Atom

Radium has 88  protons, 138 neutrons, and 88 electrons.

Radium Protons

  • Protons = atomic number

From the periodic table, find the atomic number of radium.

The atomic number of radium is 88. Hence, radium has a total of 88 protons.

Radium Neutrons

  • Neutrons = atomic mass – atomic number
Radium Neutrons

The atomic mass of radium is 226 and the atomic number of radium is 88.

Subtract the atomic number (88) from the atomic mass (226). Hence, radium has a total of 226 – 88 = 138 neutrons.

Radium Electrons

  • Electrons = atomic number
Radium Electrons

The atomic number of radium is 88. Hence, radium has a total of 88 electrons.

#2 Draw Nucleus of Radium Atom

The nucleus of a radium atom contains 88 protons and 138 neutrons. So draw the nucleus of radium atom as follows:

Radium Nucleus

Now in the next step, draw the 1st electron shell and start marking electrons.

#3 Draw 1st Electron Shell

Remember that we have a total of 88 electrons.

The 1st electron shell (containing s subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 2 electrons. So draw the 1st electron shell as follows:

Radium Shell 1

In the above image, 1 represents the 1st electron shell that contains 1s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 1st electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

Since we have already used 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, now we have 88 – 2 = 86 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 2nd electron shell.

#4 Draw 2nd Electron Shell

The 2nd electron shell (containing s subshell and p subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 8 electrons. So draw the 2nd electron shell as follows:

Radium Shell 2

In the above image, 2 represents the 2nd electron shell that contains 2s and 2p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 2nd electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.

Now we have already used 10 electrons in 1st and 2nd electron shells, so we have 88 – 10 = 78 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 3rd electron shell.

#5 Draw 3rd Electron Shell

The 3rd electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, and d subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 18 electrons. So draw the 3rd electron shell as follows:

Radium Shell 3

In the above image, 3 represents the 3rd electron shell that contains 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells. And the green, orange, and pink color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 3rd electron shell has a total of 18 electrons.

Now we have already used 28 electrons in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd electron shells, so we have 88 – 28 = 60 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 4th electron shell.

#6 Draw 4th Electron Shell

The 4th electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, d subshell, and f subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 32 electrons. So draw the 4th electron shell as follows:

Radium Shell 4

In the above image, 4 represents the 4th electron shell that contains 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f subshells. And the green, orange, pink, and blue color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 4th electron shell has a total of 32 electrons.

Now we have already used 60 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th electron shells, so we have 88 – 60 = 28 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 5th electron shell.

#7 Draw 5th Electron Shell

The 5th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 50 electrons. So draw the 5th electron shell as follows:

Radium Shell 5

In the above image, 5 represents the 5th electron shell that contains 5s, 5p, and 5d subshells. And the green, orange, and pink color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 5th electron shell has a total of 18 electrons.

The 5th electron shell contains only 5s, 5p, and 5d subshells, and not a 5f subshell. This is because according to the aufbau principle, the 6s subshell is filled first and then 4f, 5d, 6p… and so on.

Now we have already used 78 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th electron shells, so we have 88 – 78 = 10 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 6th electron shell.

#8 Draw 6th Electron Shell

The 6th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 72 electrons. So draw the 6th electron shell as follows:

Radium Shell 6

In the above image, 6 represents the 6th electron shell that contains 6s and 6p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 6th electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.

The 6th electron shell contains only 6s and 6p subshells, and not 6d and 6f subshells. This is because according to the aufbau principle, the 7s subshell is filled first and then 5f, 6d, 7p… and so on.

Now we have already used 86 electrons in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th electron shells, so we have 88 – 86 = 2 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 7th electron shell.

#9 Draw 7th Electron Shell

The 7th electron shell can hold up to a maximum of 98 electrons. So draw the 7th electron shell as follows:

Radium Shell 7

In the above image, 7 represents the 7th electron shell that contains 7s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 7th electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

That’s it! This is the final bohr model of radium atom as we have used all 88 electrons: 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, 8 electrons in the 2nd electron shell, 18 electrons in the 3rd electron shell, 32 electrons in the 4th electron shell, 18 electrons in the 5th electron shell, 8 electrons in the 6th electron shell, and 2 electrons in the 7th electron shell.

Next: Boron Bohr Model

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