In the **scandium**** ****orbital diagram**, the 1s subshell accommodates two electrons, the 2s subshell carries another pair, the 2p subshell encompasses six electrons, the 3s subshell contains two electrons, the 3p subshell carries six electrons, the 4s subshell holds two electrons, and the 3d subshell has one electron, totaling twenty-one electrons.

When illustrating the scandium orbital diagram, begin by determining the number of electrons from the periodic table. Utilize the electron configuration for reference and follow the three fundamental rules: the Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle, and Hund’s rule. This systematic approach ensures an accurate representation of scandium’s orbital arrangement.

## Steps

### Find electrons

The atomic number of scandium represents the total number of electrons of scandium. Since the atomic number of scandium is 21, the total electrons of scandium are 21.

### Write electron configuration

The electron configuration of scandium is 1s^{2} 2s^{2} 2p^{6} 3s^{2} 3p^{6} 4s^{2} 3d^{1}.

Now in the next step, start drawing the orbital diagram for scandium.

### Draw orbital diagram

Before drawing the orbital diagram, you should know the three general rules.

- Aufbau principle – electrons are first filled in lowest energy orbital and then in higher energy orbital
- Pauli exclusion principle – two electrons with the same spin can not occupy the same orbital
- Hund’s rule – each orbital should be first filled with one electron before being paired with a second electron

Also, you should know the number of orbitals in each subshell.

We can calculate the number of orbitals in each subshell using the formula: 2ℓ + 1

Where, ℓ = azimuthal quantum number of the subshell

For s subshell, ℓ = 0

For p subshell, ℓ = 1

For d subshell, ℓ = 2

For f subshell, ℓ = 3

So each s subshell has one orbital, each p subshell has three orbitals, each d subshell has five orbitals, and each f subshell has seven orbitals.

Now start to draw!

As mentioned above, the electron configuration of scandium is 1s^{2} 2s^{2} 2p^{6} 3s^{2} 3p^{6} 4s^{2} 3d^{1}. Hence, draw the blank orbital diagram of scandium up to 3d subshell as follows:

In the above orbital diagram, the box represents an orbital. Each orbital has a capacity of two electrons. And the arrows (↑↓) are drawn inside the box to represent electrons.

Now 1s^{2} indicates that the 1s subshell has 2 electrons. So draw two arrows in the 1s box showing two electrons as follows:

2s^{2} indicates that the 2s subshell has 2 electrons. So draw two arrows in the 2s box showing two electrons as follows:

2p^{6} indicates that the 2p subshell has 6 electrons. So draw six arrows in the 2p box showing six electrons as follows:

3s^{2} indicates that the 3s subshell has 2 electrons. So draw two arrows in the 3s box showing two electrons as follows:

3p^{6} indicates that the 3p subshell has 6 electrons. So draw six arrows in the 3p box showing six electrons as follows:

4s^{2} indicates that the 4s subshell has 2 electrons. So draw two arrows in the 4s box showing two electrons as follows:

3d^{1} indicates that the 3d subshell has 1 electron. So draw one arrow in the 3d box showing one electron as follows:

That’s it! This is the final orbital diagram of scandium as we have used all 21 electrons.

**Next:** Titanium orbital diagram

## Related

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## External links

- https://homework.study.com/explanation/draw-an-orbital-diagram-for-scandium-sc.html
- https://www.chegg.com/homework-help/questions-and-answers/complete-orbital-diagram-scandium-sc–drag-appropriate-labels-respective-targets-labels-us-q15973683
- https://www.numerade.com/ask/question/part-b-complete-an-orbital-diagram-for-scandium-sc-drag-the-appropriate-labels-to-their-respective-targets-labels-can-be-used-once-more-than-once-or-not-at-all-view-available-hints-reset-hel-22126/

Deep

Learnool.com was founded by Deep Rana, who is a mechanical engineer by profession and a blogger by passion. He has a good conceptual knowledge on different educational topics and he provides the same on this website. He loves to learn something new everyday and believes that the best utilization of free time is developing a new skill.