SeF2 Lewis Structure

SeF2 Lewis Structure

SeF2 (selenium difluoride) has one selenium atom and two fluorine atoms. In the lewis structure of SeF2, there are two single bonds around the selenium atom, with two fluorine atoms attached to it. Each fluorine atom has three lone pairs, and the selenium atom has two lone pairs.

Steps

Here’s how you can draw the SeF2 lewis structure step by step.

Step #1: draw sketch
Step #2: mark lone pairs
Step #3: mark charges (if there are)

Let’s break down each step in detail.

#1 Draw Sketch

  • First, determine the total number of valence electrons

In the periodic table, selenium lies in group 16, and fluorine lies in group 17.

Hence, selenium has six valence electrons and fluorine has seven valence electrons.

Since SeF2 has one selenium atom and two fluorine atoms, so…

Valence electrons of one selenium atom = 6 × 1 = 6
Valence electrons of two fluorine atoms = 7 × 2 = 14

And the total valence electrons = 6 + 14 = 20

  • Second, find the total electron pairs

We have a total of 20 valence electrons. And when we divide this value by two, we get the value of total electron pairs.

Total electron pairs = total valence electrons ÷ 2

So the total electron pairs = 20 ÷ 2 = 10

  • Third, determine the central atom

We have to place the least electronegative atom at the center.

Since selenium is less electronegative than fluorine, assume that the central atom is selenium.

Therefore, place selenium in the center and fluorines on either side.

  • And finally, draw the rough sketch
SeF2 Lewis Structure (Step 1)

#2 Mark Lone Pairs

Here, we have a total of 10 electron pairs. And two Se — F bonds are already marked. So we have to only mark the remaining eight electron pairs as lone pairs on the sketch.

Also remember that selenium is a period 4 element, so it can keep more than 8 electrons in its last shell. And fluorine is a period 2 element, so it can not keep more than 8 electrons in its last shell.

Always start to mark the lone pairs from outside atoms. Here, the outside atoms are fluorines.

So for each fluorine, there are three lone pairs, and for selenium, there are two lone pairs.

Mark the lone pairs on the sketch as follows:

SeF2 Lewis Structure (Step 2)

#3 Mark Charges

Use the following formula to calculate the formal charges on atoms:

Formal charge = valence electrons – nonbonding electrons – ½ bonding electrons

For selenium atom, formal charge = 6 – 4 – ½ (4) = 0

For each fluorine atom, formal charge = 7 – 6 – ½ (2) = 0

Here, both selenium and fluorine atoms do not have charges, so no need to mark the charges.

And in the above structure, you can see that the central atom (selenium) forms an octet. Hence, the octet rule is satisfied.

Therefore, this structure is the stable lewis structure of SeF2.

Next: C2Br2 Lewis Structure

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