SeOF2 Lewis structure

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SeOF2 Lewis Structure
SeOF2 Lewis structure

SeOF2 (seleninyl fluoride) has one selenium atom, one oxygen atom, and two fluorine atoms.

In SeOF2 Lewis structure, there is one double bond and two single bonds around the selenium atom, with one oxygen atom and two fluorine atoms attached to it. Each fluorine atom has three lone pairs, the oxygen atom has two lone pairs, and the selenium atom has one lone pair.

Steps

To properly draw the SeOF2 Lewis structure, follow these steps:

#1 Draw a rough sketch of the structure
#2 Next, indicate lone pairs on the atoms
#3 Indicate formal charges on the atoms, if necessary
#4 Minimize formal charges by converting lone pairs of the atoms
#5 Repeat step 4 if necessary, until all charges are minimized

Let’s break down each step in more detail.

#1 Draw a rough sketch of the structure

  • First, determine the total number of valence electrons
Periodic table

In the periodic table, both selenium and oxygen lie in group 16, and fluorine lies in group 17.

Hence, both selenium and oxygen have six valence electrons, and fluorine has seven valence electrons.

Since SeOF2 has one selenium atom, one oxygen atom, and two fluorine atoms, so…

Valence electrons of one selenium atom = 6 × 1 = 6
Valence electrons of one oxygen atom = 6 × 1 = 6
Valence electrons of two fluorine atoms = 7 × 2 = 14

And the total valence electrons = 6 + 6 + 14 = 26

  • Second, find the total electron pairs

We have a total of 26 valence electrons. And when we divide this value by two, we get the value of total electron pairs.

Total electron pairs = total valence electrons ÷ 2

So the total electron pairs = 26 ÷ 2 = 13

  • Third, determine the central atom

We have to place the least electronegative atom at the center.

Since selenium is less electronegative than oxygen and fluorine, assume that the central atom is selenium.

Therefore, place selenium in the center and oxygen and fluorine on either side.

  • And finally, draw the rough sketch
SeOF2 Lewis Structure (Step 1)
Rough sketch of SeOF2 Lewis structure

#2 Next, indicate lone pairs on the atoms

Here, we have a total of 13 electron pairs. And three bonds are already marked. So we have to only mark the remaining ten electron pairs as lone pairs on the sketch.

Also remember that selenium is a period 4 element, so it can keep more than 8 electrons in its last shell. And both (oxygen and fluorine) are the period 2 elements, so they can not keep more than 8 electrons in their last shell.

Always start to mark the lone pairs from outside atoms. Here, the outside atoms are oxygen and fluorines.

So for oxygen and each fluorine, there are three lone pairs, and for selenium, there is one lone pair.

Mark the lone pairs on the sketch as follows:

SeOF2 Lewis Structure (Step 2)
Lone pairs marked on SeOF2 Lewis structure

#3 Indicate formal charges on the atoms, if necessary

Use the following formula to calculate the formal charges on atoms:

Formal charge = valence electrons – nonbonding electrons – ½ bonding electrons

For selenium atom, formal charge = 6 – 2 – ½ (6) = +1

For oxygen atom, formal charge = 6 – 6 – ½ (2) = -1

For each fluorine atom, formal charge = 7 – 6 – ½ (2) = 0

Here, both selenium and oxygen atoms have charges, so mark them on the sketch as follows:

SeOF2 Lewis Structure (Step 3)
Formal charges marked on SeOF2 Lewis structure

The above structure is not a stable Lewis structure because both selenium and oxygen atoms have charges. Therefore, reduce the charges (as below) by converting lone pairs to bonds.

#4 Minimize formal charges by converting lone pairs of the atoms

Convert a lone pair of the oxygen atom to make a new Se — O bond with the selenium atom as follows:

SeOF2 Lewis Structure (Step 4)
Lone pair of oxygen is converted, and got the stable Lewis structure of SeOF2

In the above structure, you can see that the central atom (selenium) forms an octet. And the outside atoms (oxygen and fluorines) also form an octet. Hence, the octet rule is satisfied.

Also, the above structure is more stable than the previous structures. Therefore, this structure is the stable Lewis structure of SeOF2.

Next: SBr6 Lewis structure

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Deep

Learnool.com was founded by Deep Rana, who is a mechanical engineer by profession and a blogger by passion. He has a good conceptual knowledge on different educational topics and he provides the same on this website. He loves to learn something new everyday and believes that the best utilization of free time is developing a new skill.

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