Silicon Bohr model

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Silicon Bohr model
Silicon Bohr model

In the silicon Bohr model, the nucleus holds 14 protons and 14 neutrons. Encircling this nucleus are three electron shells, holding a total of 14 electrons.

To draw the silicon Bohr model, represent the 14 protons, 14 neutrons, and 14 electrons. Begin by sketching the nucleus, and then draw the three electron shells. The first two shells should contain 2 and 8 electrons, respectively, while the third shell holds the remaining 4 electrons.

Steps

Write protons, neutrons, and electrons of silicon atom

Silicon has 14 protons, 14 neutrons, and 14 electrons.

Draw nucleus of silicon atom

The nucleus of a silicon atom contains 14 protons and 14 neutrons. So draw the nucleus of silicon atom as follows:

Silicon nucleus
Silicon nucleus

Now in the next step, draw the 1st electron shell and start marking electrons.

Draw 1st electron shell

Remember that we have a total of 14 electrons.

The 1st electron shell (containing s subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 2 electrons. So draw the 1st electron shell as follows:

Silicon shell 1
Silicon 1st electron shell drawn

In the above image, 1 represents the 1st electron shell that contains 1s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 1st electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

Since we have already used 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, now we have 14 – 2 = 12 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 2nd electron shell.

Draw 2nd electron shell

The 2nd electron shell (containing s subshell and p subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 8 electrons. So draw the 2nd electron shell as follows:

Silicon shell 2
Silicon 2nd electron shell drawn

In the above image, 2 represents the 2nd electron shell that contains 2s and 2p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 2nd electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.

Now we have already used 10 electrons in 1st and 2nd electron shells, so we have 14 – 10 = 4 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 3rd electron shell.

Draw 3rd electron shell

The 3rd electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, and d subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 18 electrons. So draw the 3rd electron shell as follows:

Silicon shell 3
Silicon 3rd electron shell drawn

In the above image, 3 represents the 3rd electron shell that contains 3s and 3p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 3rd electron shell has a total of 4 electrons.

That’s it! This is the final Bohr model of silicon atom as we have used all 14 electrons: 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, 8 electrons in the 2nd electron shell, and 4 electrons in the 3rd electron shell.

Next: Phosphorus Bohr model

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Learnool.com was founded by Deep Rana, who is a mechanical engineer by profession and a blogger by passion. He has a good conceptual knowledge on different educational topics and he provides the same on this website. He loves to learn something new everyday and believes that the best utilization of free time is developing a new skill.

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