In the sodium Bohr model, the nucleus consists of 11 protons and 12 neutrons. Revolving around this nucleus are three electron shells, containing a total of 11 electrons.
To draw the sodium Bohr model, outline the 11 protons, 12 neutrons, and 11 electrons. Begin by illustrating the nucleus, and then depict the three electron shells. The first two shells should accommodate 2 and 8 electrons, respectively, while the third shell holds the remaining electron.
Write protons, neutrons, and electrons of sodium atom
Sodium has 11 protons, 12 neutrons, and 11 electrons.
Draw nucleus of sodium atom
The nucleus of a sodium atom contains 11 protons and 12 neutrons. So draw the nucleus of sodium atom as follows:
Now in the next step, draw the 1st electron shell and start marking electrons.
Draw 1st electron shell
Remember that we have a total of 11 electrons.
The 1st electron shell (containing s subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 2 electrons. So draw the 1st electron shell as follows:
In the above image, 1 represents the 1st electron shell that contains 1s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 1st electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.
Since we have already used 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, now we have 11 – 2 = 9 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 2nd electron shell.
Draw 2nd electron shell
The 2nd electron shell (containing s subshell and p subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 8 electrons. So draw the 2nd electron shell as follows:
In the above image, 2 represents the 2nd electron shell that contains 2s and 2p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 2nd electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.
Now we have already used 10 electrons in 1st and 2nd electron shells, so we have 11 – 10 = 1 electron left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 3rd electron shell.
Draw 3rd electron shell
The 3rd electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, and d subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 18 electrons. So draw the 3rd electron shell as follows:
In the above image, 3 represents the 3rd electron shell that contains 3s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 3rd electron shell has a total of 1 electron.
That’s it! This is the final Bohr model of sodium atom as we have used all 11 electrons: 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, 8 electrons in the 2nd electron shell, and 1 electron in the 3rd electron shell.
Next: Magnesium Bohr model
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