Sodium Bohr Model

Sodium Bohr Model

The bohr model of sodium contains a nucleus having 11 protons and 12 neutrons in the center, and around this nucleus, there are three electron shells containing 11 electrons.

Steps

Here’s how you can draw the bohr model of sodium step by step.

Step #1: write protons, neutrons, and electrons of sodium atom
Step #2: draw nucleus of sodium atom
Step #3: draw 1st electron shell
Step #4: draw 2nd electron shell
Step #5: draw 3rd electron shell

Let’s break down each step in detail.

#1 Write Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons of Sodium Atom

Sodium has 11 protons, 12 neutrons, and 11 electrons.

Learn how to find: Sodium Protons Neutrons Electrons

#2 Draw Nucleus of Sodium Atom

The nucleus of a sodium atom contains 11 protons and 12 neutrons. So draw the nucleus of sodium atom as follows:

Sodium Nucleus

Now in the next step, draw the 1st electron shell and start marking electrons.

#3 Draw 1st Electron Shell

Remember that we have a total of 11 electrons.

The 1st electron shell (containing s subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 2 electrons. So draw the 1st electron shell as follows:

Sodium Shell 1

In the above image, 1 represents the 1st electron shell that contains 1s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 1st electron shell has a total of 2 electrons.

Since we have already used 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, now we have 11 – 2 = 9 electrons left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 2nd electron shell.

#4 Draw 2nd Electron Shell

The 2nd electron shell (containing s subshell and p subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 8 electrons. So draw the 2nd electron shell as follows:

Sodium Shell 2

In the above image, 2 represents the 2nd electron shell that contains 2s and 2p subshells. And the green and orange color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 2nd electron shell has a total of 8 electrons.

Now we have already used 10 electrons in 1st and 2nd electron shells, so we have 11 – 10 = 1 electron left. So in the next step, we have to draw the 3rd electron shell.

#5 Draw 3rd Electron Shell

The 3rd electron shell (containing s subshell, p subshell, and d subshell) can hold up to a maximum of 18 electrons. So draw the 3rd electron shell as follows:

Sodium Shell 3

In the above image, 3 represents the 3rd electron shell that contains 3s subshell. And the green color represents the number of electrons in that subshell. This means that the 3rd electron shell has a total of 1 electron.

That’s it! This is the final bohr model of sodium atom as we have used all 11 electrons: 2 electrons in the 1st electron shell, 8 electrons in the 2nd electron shell, and 1 electron in the 3rd electron shell.

Next: Magnesium Bohr Model

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Related:

Also Read:

  • Sodium Element
  • Sodium Orbital Diagram
  • Sodium Protons Neutrons and Electrons
  • Sodium Valence Electrons

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