# CF3Cl Lewis structure

CF3Cl (chlorotrifluoromethane) has one carbon atom, three fluorine atoms, and one chlorine atom.

In the CF3Cl Lewis structure, there are four single bonds around the carbon atom, with three fluorine atoms and one chlorine atom attached to it, and on each fluorine and chlorine atom, there are three lone pairs.

Contents

## Steps

Use these steps to correctly draw the CF3Cl Lewis structure:

#1 First draw a rough sketch
#2 Mark lone pairs on the atoms
#3 Calculate and mark formal charges on the atoms, if required

Let’s discuss each step in more detail.

### #1 First draw a rough sketch

• First, determine the total number of valence electrons

In the periodic table, carbon lies in group 14, and both fluorine and chlorine lie in group 17.

Hence, carbon has four valence electrons, both fluorine and chlorine have seven valence electrons.

Since CF3Cl has one carbon atom, three fluorine atoms, and one chlorine atom, so…

Valence electrons of one carbon atom = 4 × 1 = 4
Valence electrons of three fluorine atoms = 7 × 3 = 21
Valence electrons of one chlorine atoms = 7 × 1 = 7

And the total valence electrons = 4 + 21 + 7 = 32

• Second, find the total electron pairs

We have a total of 32 valence electrons. And when we divide this value by two, we get the value of total electron pairs.

Total electron pairs = total valence electrons ÷ 2

So the total electron pairs = 32 ÷ 2 = 16

• Third, determine the central atom

We have to place the least electronegative atom at the center.

Since carbon is less electronegative than fluorine and chlorine, assume that the central atom is carbon.

Therefore, place carbon in the center and fluorine and chlorine on either side.

• And finally, draw the rough sketch

### #2 Mark lone pairs on the atoms

Here, we have a total of 16 electron pairs. And four bonds are already marked. So we have to only mark the remaining twelve electron pairs as lone pairs on the sketch.

Also remember that both (carbon and fluorine) are the period 2 elements, so they can not keep more than 8 electrons in their last shell. And chlorine is a period 3 element, so it can keep more than 8 electrons in its last shell.

Always start to mark the lone pairs from outside atoms. Here, the outside atoms are fluorines and chlorines.

So for each fluorine and chlorine, there are three lone pairs, and for carbon, there is zero lone pair because all twelve electron pairs are over.

Mark the lone pairs on the sketch as follows:

### #3 Calculate and mark formal charges on the atoms, if required

Use the following formula to calculate the formal charges on atoms:

Formal charge = valence electrons – nonbonding electrons – ½ bonding electrons

For carbon atom, formal charge = 4 – 0 – ½ (8) = 0

For each fluorine atom, formal charge = 7 – 6 – ½ (2) = 0

For each chlorine atom, formal charge = 7 – 6 – ½ (2) = 0

Here, the atoms do not have charges, so no need to mark the charges.

In the above structure, you can see that the central atom (carbon) forms an octet. And the outside atoms (fluorines and chlorine) also form an octet. Hence, the octet rule is satisfied.

Therefore, this structure is the stable Lewis structure of CF3Cl.

Deep

Learnool.com was founded by Deep Rana, who is a mechanical engineer by profession and a blogger by passion. He has a good conceptual knowledge on different educational topics and he provides the same on this website. He loves to learn something new everyday and believes that the best utilization of free time is developing a new skill.