SbF4- Lewis structure

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SbF4- Lewis Structure
SbF4 Lewis structure

SbF4 has one antimony atom and four fluorine atoms.

In SbF4 Lewis structure, there are four single bonds around the antimony atom, with four fluorine atoms attached to it. Each fluorine atom has three lone pairs, and the antimony atom has one lone pair.

Also, there is a negative (-1) charge on the antimony atom.

Steps

Use these steps to correctly draw the SbF4 Lewis structure:

#1 First draw a rough sketch
#2 Mark lone pairs on the atoms
#3 Calculate and mark formal charges on the atoms, if required

Let’s discuss each step in more detail.

#1 First draw a rough sketch

  • First, determine the total number of valence electrons
Periodic table

In the periodic table, antimony lies in group 15, and fluorine lies in group 17.

Hence, antimony has five valence electrons and fluorine has seven valence electrons.

Since SbF4 has one antimony atom and four fluorine atoms, so…

Valence electrons of one antimony atom = 5 × 1 = 5
Valence electrons of four fluorine atoms = 7 × 4 = 28

Now the SbF4 has a negative (-1) charge, so we have to add one more electron.

So the total valence electrons = 5 + 28 + 1 = 34

  • Second, find the total electron pairs

We have a total of 34 valence electrons. And when we divide this value by two, we get the value of total electron pairs.

Total electron pairs = total valence electrons ÷ 2

So the total electron pairs = 34 ÷ 2 = 17

  • Third, determine the central atom

We have to place the least electronegative atom at the center.

Since antimony is less electronegative than fluorine, assume that the central atom is antimony.

Therefore, place antimony in the center and fluorines on either side.

  • And finally, draw the rough sketch
SbF4- Lewis Structure (Step 1)
Rough sketch of SbF4 Lewis structure

#2 Mark lone pairs on the atoms

Here, we have a total of 17 electron pairs. And four Sb — F bonds are already marked. So we have to only mark the remaining thirteen electron pairs as lone pairs on the sketch.

Also remember that antimony is a period 5 element, so it can keep more than 8 electrons in its last shell. And fluorine is a period 2 element, so it can not keep more than 8 electrons in its last shell.

Always start to mark the lone pairs from outside atoms. Here, the outside atoms are fluorines.

So for each fluorine, there are three lone pairs, and for antimony, there is one lone pair.

Mark the lone pairs on the sketch as follows:

SbF4- Lewis Structure (Step 2)
Lone pairs marked on SbF4 Lewis structure

#3 Calculate and mark formal charges on the atoms, if required

Use the following formula to calculate the formal charges on atoms:

Formal charge = valence electrons – nonbonding electrons – ½ bonding electrons

For antimony atom, formal charge = 5 – 2 – ½ (8) = -1

For each fluorine atom, formal charge = 7 – 6 – ½ (2) = 0

Here, the antimony atom has a charge, so mark it on the sketch as follows:

SbF4- Lewis Structure (Step 3)
Formal charges marked, and got the most stable Lewis structure of SbF4

In the above structure, you can see that the central atom (antimony) forms an octet. And the outside atoms (fluorines) also form an octet. Hence, the octet rule is satisfied.

Therefore, this structure is the most stable Lewis structure of SbF4.

And since the SbF4 has a negative (-1) charge, mention that charge on the Lewis structure by drawing brackets as follows:

SbF4- Lewis Structure (Final)
SbF4 Lewis structure showing a negative (-1) charge

Next: CH3CH2I Lewis structure

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Deep

Learnool.com was founded by Deep Rana, who is a mechanical engineer by profession and a blogger by passion. He has a good conceptual knowledge on different educational topics and he provides the same on this website. He loves to learn something new everyday and believes that the best utilization of free time is developing a new skill.

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