Copper Element (Periodic Table)

Copper

Copper (Cu) is a chemical element of the periodic table, located in the group 11 and the period 4, and is having the atomic number 29. It is a soft, ductile and malleable, reddish-orange transition metal, which is named after Cyprus, principal mining place in the Roman era.

group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
period
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
– d block

FAQs on Copper Element

Copper
‣ What does copper look like?

Appearance: red-orange metallic luster
‣ When was copper discovered and by whom?

Discovery: Middle East (9000 BC)
‣ Where is copper located on the periodic table?

Copper Periodic Table

Location: Copper is found in the eleventh column of the periodic table, next to the nickel element.
‣ What is the atomic number of copper?

Atomic number (Z): 29
‣ What is the chemical symbol for copper?

Symbol: Cu
‣ What is the atomic weight of copper?

Standard atomic weight: 63.546
‣ What block is copper in the periodic table?

Block: d-block
‣ What group does copper belong to on the periodic table?

Group: 11
‣ What period is copper in on the periodic table?

Period: 4
‣ What is the atomic radius of copper?

Atomic radius: empirical: 128 pm
Copper covalent radius: 132±4 pm
Copper Van der Waals radius: 140 pm
‣ What is copper’s melting point?

Melting point: 1357.77 K (1084.62 °C, 1984.32 °F)
‣ What is copper’s boiling point?

Boiling point: 2835 K (2562 °C, 4643 °F)
‣ How many electron shells does copper have?

Electrons per shell: 2, 8, 18, 1
‣ What is copper electron configuration?

Electron configuration: [Ar] 3d10 4s1
‣ What is the ionization energy of copper?

Ionization energies:
1st: 745.5 kJ/mol
2nd: 19597.9 kJ/mol
3rd: 3555 kJ/mol
‣ What phase is copper normally found in?

Phase (at r.t): solid
‣ What is copper’s density?

Density (near r.t): 8.96 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p): 8.02 g/cm3
Copper magnetic ordering: diamagnetic
Copper natural occurrence: primordial
‣ What is the oxidation state of copper?

Oxidation state: -2, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4
‣ What is the electronegativity of copper?

Electronegativity: Pauling scale: 1.90
Copper poisson’s ratio: 0.34
Copper heat of fusion: 13.26 kJ/mol
Copper heat of vaporization: 300.4 kJ/mol
Copper molar heat capacity: 24.440 J/(mol K)
Copper molar magnetic susceptibility: -5.46 × 10-6 cm3/mol
Speed of sound in copper: (annealed) 3810 m/s (at r.t)
‣ What is copper crystal structure?

Crystal structure: face-centered cubic (fcc)
Thermal expansion of copper: 16.5 µm/(m.K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity of copper: 401 W/(m.K)
Copper electrical resistivity: 16.78 nΩ.m (at 20 °C)
‣ What is copper hardness?

Mohs hardness: 3.0
Vickers hardness: 343-369 MPa
Brinell hardness: 235-878 MPa
Young’s modulus of copper: 110-128 GPa
Shear modulus of copper: 48 GPa
Bulk modulus of copper: 140 GPa
Copper CAS number: 7440-50-8

‣ Copper vapor pressure

Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)150916611850208924042834

‣ How many isotopes does copper have?

Main isotopes of copper
IsotopeAbundanceHalf-life (t1/2)Decay modeProduct
63Cu69.15 %stable
64Cusyn12.70 hε
β
64Ni
64Zn
65Cu30.85 %stable
67Cusyn61.83 hβ67Zn

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