Vanadium Element (Periodic Table)

Vanadium

Vanadium (V) is a chemical element of the periodic table, located in the group 5 and the period 4, and has the atomic number 23. It is a hard, malleable, silvery-grey transition metal, which is named after “Vanadis”, the Scandinavian goddess Freyja. It is the 20th most abundant element on earth.

group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
period
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
– d block

FAQs on Vanadium Element

Vanadium
‣ What does vanadium look like?

Appearance: blue-silver-grey metal
‣ Who discovered vanadium and when?

Discovery: Nils Gabriel Sefstrom (1830)
First isolation: Henry Enfield Roscoe (1867)
‣ Where is vanadium located on the periodic table?

Vanadium Periodic Table

Location: Vanadium is found in the fifth column of the periodic table, next to the titanium element.
‣ What is the atomic number of vanadium?

Atomic number (Z): 23
‣ What is the symbol of vanadium?

Symbol: V
‣ What is the atomic weight of vanadium?

Standard atomic weight: 50.9415
‣ What block does vanadium belong to?

Block: d-block
‣ What group is vanadium in on the periodic table?

Group: 5
‣ What period is vanadium on the periodic table?

Period: 4
 Vanadium atomic radius: empirical: 134 pm
Vanadium covalent radius: 153±8 pm
‣ What is the melting point of vanadium?

Melting point: 2183 K (1910 °C, 3470 °F)
‣ What is vanadium boiling point?

Boiling point: 3680 K (3407 °C, 6165 °F)
‣ How many electron shells does vanadium have?

Electrons per shell: 2, 8, 11, 2
‣ What is the ground state electron configuration of vanadium?

Electron configuration: [Ar] 3d3 4s2
‣ What is the ionization energy of vanadium?

Ionization energies:
1st: 650.9 kJ/mol
2nd: 1414 kJ/mol
3rd: 2830 kJ/mol
‣ What is the phase of vanadium?

Phase (at r.t): solid
‣ What is the density of vanadium?

Density (near r.t): 6.11 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p): 5.5 g/cm3
Vanadium magnetic ordering: paramagnetic
Vanadium natural occurrence: primordial
‣ What is the oxidation state of vanadium?

Oxidation state: +2, +3, +4, +5
‣ What’s the electronegativity of vanadium?

Electronegativity: Pauling scale: 1.63
Vanadium poisson’s ratio: 0.37
Vanadium heat of fusion: 21.5 kJ/mol
Vanadium heat of vaporization: 444 kJ/mol
Vanadium molar heat capacity: 24.89 J/(mol K)
Vanadium molar magnetic susceptibility: +255.0 × 10-6 cm3/mol (298 K)
Speed of sound in vanadium: 4560 m/s (at 20 °C)
‣ What is the crystal structure of vanadium?

Crystal structure: body-centered cubic (bcc)
Thermal expansion of vanadium: 8.4 µm/(m.K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity of vanadium: 30.7 W/(m.K)
Vanadium electrical resistivity: 197 nΩ.m (at 20 °C)
‣ What is the hardness of vanadium?

Mohs hardness: 6.7
Vickers hardness: 628-640 MPa
Brinell hardness: 600-742 MPa
Young’s modulus of vanadium: 128 GPa
Shear modulus of vanadium: 47 GPa
Bulk modulus of vanadium: 160 GPa
Vanadium CAS number: 7440-62-2

‣ Vanadium vapor pressure

Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)210122892523281428143187

‣ How many isotopes does vanadium have?

Main isotopes of vanadium
IsotopeAbundanceHalf-life (t1/2)Decay modeProduct
48Vsyn16 dβ+48Ti
49Vsyn330 dε49Ti
50V0.25 %1.5 × 1017 yε
β
50Ti
50Cr
51V99.75 %stable

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