Silver Element (Periodic Table)

Silver

Silver (Ag) is a chemical element of the periodic table, located in the group 11 and the period 5, and is having the atomic number 47. It is a soft, ductile, malleable, lustrous white transition metal, whose name comes from the Anglo-Saxon word “seolfor”.

group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
period
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
– d block

FAQs on Silver Element

Silver
‣ What is the appearance of silver?

Appearance: lustrous white metal
‣ When was silver discovered and by whom?

Discovery: before 5000 BC
‣ Where is silver located on the periodic table?

Silver Periodic Table

Location: Silver is found in the eleventh column of the periodic table, next to the palladium element.
‣ What is silver’s atomic number?

Atomic number (Z): 47
‣ What is silver’s symbol?

Symbol: Ag
‣ What is the atomic weight of silver?

Standard atomic weight: 107.8682
‣ What block is silver in the periodic table?

Block: d-block
‣ What group does silver belong to on the periodic table?

Group: 11
‣ What is silver’s period number?

Period: 5
‣ What is the atomic radius of silver?

Atomic radius: empirical: 144 pm
‣ What is the covalent radius of silver?

Covalent radius: 145±5 pm
Silver Van der Waals radius: 172 pm
‣ What is silver’s melting point?

Melting point: 1234.93 K (961.78 °C, 1763.2 °F)
‣ What is silver’s boiling point?

Boiling point: 2435 K (2162 °C, 3924 °F)
‣ How many electron shells does silver have?

Electrons per shell: 2, 8, 18, 18, 1
‣ What is the ground state electron configuration for silver?

Electron configuration: [Kr] 4d10 5s1
‣ What is the ionization energy of silver?

Ionization energies:
1st: 731.0 kJ/mol
2nd: 2070 kJ/mol
3rd: 3361 kJ/mol
‣ What is silver’s phase in room temperature?

Phase (at r.t): solid
‣ What is silver’s density?

Density (near r.t): 10.49 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p): 9.320 g/cm3
Silver magnetic ordering: diamagnetic
Silver natural occurrence: primordial
‣ What is the oxidation state of silver?

Oxidation state: +1
‣ What’s the electronegativity of silver?

Electronegativity: Pauling scale: 1.93
Silver poisson’s ratio: 0.37
Silver heat of fusion: 11.28 kJ/mol
Silver heat of vaporization: 254 kJ/mol
Silver molar heat capacity: 25.350 J/(mol K)
Silver molar magnetic susceptibility: -19.5 × 10-6 cm3/mol (296 K)
Speed of sound in silver: 2680 m/s (at r.t)
‣ What is the crystal structure of silver?

Crystal structure: face-centered cubic (fcc)
Silver thermal diffusivity: 174 mm2/s (at 300 K)
Thermal expansion of silver: 18.9 µm/(m.K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity of silver: 429 W/(m.K)
Silver electrical resistivity: 15.87 nΩ.m (at 20 °C)
‣ What is silver’s hardness?

Mohs hardness: 2.5
Brinell hardness: 251 MPa
Young’s modulus of silver: 8.3 GPa
Shear modulus of silver: 30 GPa
Bulk modulus of silver: 100 GPa
Silver CAS number: 7440-22-4

‣ Silver vapor pressure

Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)128314131575178220552433

‣ How many isotopes does silver have?

Main isotopes of silver
IsotopeAbundanceHalf-life (t1/2)Decay modeProduct
105Agsyn41.2 dε
γ
105Pd
106Agsyn8.28 dε
γ
106Pd
107Ag51.839 %stable
108Agsyn418 yε
IT
γ
108Pd
108Ag
109Ag48.161 %stable
110Agsyn249.95 dβ
γ
110Cd
111Agsyn7.45 dβ
γ
111Cd

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