Tin Element (Periodic Table)

Tin

Tin (Sn) is a chemical element of the periodic table, located in the group 4 and the period 5, and is having the atomic number 50. It is a soft, silvery-white post transition metal, whose name comes from the Anglo-Saxon word “tin”. It is a member of the carbon group.

group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
period
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
– p block

FAQs on Tin Element

Tin
‣ What does tin look like?

Appearance: silvery-white (beta, β) or grey (alpha, α)
‣ When was tin discovered and by whom?

Discovery: around 35th century BC
‣ Where is tin located on the periodic table?

Tin Periodic Table

Location: Tin is found in the fifth row of the periodic table below the germanium element.
‣ What is the atomic number of tin?

Atomic number (Z): 50
‣ What’s the chemical symbol for tin?

Symbol: Sn
‣ What is tin atomic weight?

Standard atomic weight: 118.710
‣ What block is tin in the periodic table?

Block: p-block
‣ What group is tin in on the periodic table?

Group: 14
‣ What period is tin in on the periodic table?

Period: 5
‣ What is the atomic radius of tin?

Atomic radius: empirical: 140 pm
Tin covalent radius: 139±4 pm
Tin Van der Waals radius: 217 pm
‣ What is the melting point of tin?

Melting point: 505.08 K (231.93 °C, 449.47 °F)
‣ What is the boiling point of tin?

Boiling point: 2875 K (2602 °C, 4716 °F)
‣ How many electron shells does tin have?

Electrons per shell: 2, 8, 18, 18, 4
‣ What is the shorthand electron configuration for tin (sn)?

Electron configuration: [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
‣ What are the allotropes of tin?

Allotropes:
alpha, α (grey);
beta, β (white)
‣ What is tin ionization energy?

Ionization energies:
1st: 708.6 kJ/mol
2nd: 1411.8 kJ/mol
3rd: 2943.0 kJ/mol
‣ What phase is tin normally found in?

Phase (at r.t): solid
‣ What is the density of tin in g/cm3?

Density (near r.t):
white, β: 7.265 g/cm3
gray, α: 5.769 g/cm3

when liquid (at m.p): 6.99 g/cm3
Tin magnetic ordering:
gray (α): diamagnetic
white (β): paramagnetic
Tin natural occurrence: primordial
‣ What is the oxidation state of tin?

Oxidation state: +2, +4
‣ What’s the electronegativity of tin?

Electronegativity: Pauling scale: 1.96
Tin poisson’s ratio: 0.36
Tin heat of fusion: white, β: 7.03 kJ/mol
Tin heat of vaporization: white, β: 296.1 kJ/mol
Tin molar heat capacity: white, β: 27.112 J/(mol K)
Tin molar magnetic susceptibility: (white) +3.1 × 10-6 cm3/mol (298 K)
Speed of sound in tin: 2730 m/s (at r.t) (rolled)
‣ What is the crystal structure of tin?

Crystal structure: body-centered tetragonal
white (β)
Crystal structure: face-centered diamond-cubic
grey (α)
Thermal expansion of tin: 22.0 µm/(m.K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity of tin: 66.8 W/(m.K)
Tin electrical resistivity: 115 nΩ.m (at 0 °C)
‣ What is the hardness of tin?

Brinell hardness: 50-440 MPa
Young’s modulus of tin: 50 GPa
Shear modulus of tin: 18 GPa
Bulk modulus of tin: 58 GPa
Tin CAS number: 7440-31-5

‣ Tin vapor pressure

Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)149716571855210724382893

‣ How many isotopes does tin have?

Main isotopes of tin
IsotopeAbundanceHalf-life (t1/2)Decay modeProduct
112Sn0.97 %stable
114Sn0.66 %stable
115Sn0.34 %stable
116Sn14.54 %stable
117Sn7.68 %stable
118Sn24.22 %stable
119Sn8.59 %stable
120Sn32.58 %stable
122Sn4.63 %stable
124Sn5.79 %stable
126Sntrace2.3 × 105 yβ126Sb

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