Mercury Element (Periodic Table)

Mercury

Mercury (Hg), also known as quicksilver, is a chemical element of the periodic table, located in the group 12 and the period 6, and is having the atomic number 80. It is a shiny, silvery liquid metal, which is named after the planet, Mercury. It is highly toxic and is counted as one of the post transition metals.

group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
period
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
– d block

FAQs on Mercury Element

Mercury
‣ What does mercury look like?

Appearance: shiny, silvery liquid
‣ When was the element mercury discovered and by whom?

Discovery: Ancient Egyptians (before 1500 BCE)
‣ Where is mercury found on the periodic table?

Mercury Periodic Table

Location: Mercury is found in the sixth row of the periodic table below the cadmium element.
‣ What is mercury’s atomic number?

Atomic number (Z): 80
‣ What is mercury’s symbol?

Symbol: Hg
‣ What is the atomic weight of mercury?

Standard atomic weight: 200.592
‣ What block is mercury in the periodic table?

Block: d-block
‣ What group is mercury in on the periodic table?

Group: 12
‣ What period is mercury in on the periodic table?

Period: 6
‣ What is mercury atomic radius?

Atomic radius: empirical: 151 pm
Mercury covalent radius: 132±5 pm
Mercury Van der Waals radius: 155 pm
‣ What is mercury’s melting point?

Melting point: 234.3210 K (-38.8290 °C, -37.8922 °F)
‣ What is mercury’s boiling point?

Boiling point: 629.88 K (356.73 °C, 674.11 °F)
Mercury critical point: 1750 K, 172.00 Mpa
Mercury triple point: 234.3156 K (356.73 °C, 674.11 °F)
‣ How many electron shells does mercury have?

Electrons per shell: 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
‣ What is mercury’s electron configuration?

Electron configuration: [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
‣ What is the ionization energy of mercury?

Ionization energies:
1st: 1007.1 kJ/mol
2nd: 1810 kJ/mol
3rd: 3300 kJ/mol
‣ What phase is mercury normally found in?

Phase (at r.t): liquid
‣ What is mercury density?

Density (near r.t): 13.534 g/cm3
Mercury magnetic ordering: diamagnetic
Mercury natural occurrence: primordial
Mercury oxidation state: +1, +2
‣ What’s the electronegativity of mercury?

Electronegativity: Pauling scale: 2.00
Mercury heat of fusion: 2.29 kJ/mol
Mercury heat of vaporization: 59.11 kJ/mol
Mercury molar heat capacity: 27.983 J/(mol K)
Mercury molar magnetic susceptibility: -33.44 × 10-6 cm3/mol (293 K)
Speed of sound in mercury: liquid: 1451.4 m/s (at 20 °C)
‣ What is the crystal structure of mercury?

Crystal structure: rhombohedral
Thermal expansion of mercury: 60.4 µm/(m.K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity of mercury: 8.30 W/(m.K)
Mercury electrical resistivity: 961 nΩ.m (at 25 °C)
Mercury CAS number: 7439-97-6

‣ Mercury vapor pressure

Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)315350393449523629

‣ How many isotopes does mercury have?

Main isotopes of mercury
IsotopeAbundanceHalf-life (t1/2)Decay modeProduct
194Hgsyn444 yε194Au
195Hgsyn9.9 hε195Au
196Hg0.15 %stable
197Hgsyn64.14 hε197Au
198Hg10.04 %stable
199Hg16.94 %stable
200Hg23.14 %stable
201Hg13.17 %stable
202Hg29.74 %stable
203Hgsyn46.612 dβ203Tl
204Hg6.82 %stable

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