Ytterbium Element (Periodic Table)

Ytterbium

Ytterbium (Yb) is a chemical element of the periodic table, located in the period 6, and has the atomic number 70. It is the fourteenth element in the lanthanide series. It is a bright, soft, malleable, silvery-white metal, which is named after Ytterby, a village in Sweden, where it was mined. It is counted as one of the rare earth elements.

group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
period
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
– f block

FAQs on Ytterbium Element

Ytterbium
‣ What does ytterbium look like?

Appearance: silvery white; with a pale yellow tint
‣ Who discovered the element ytterbium and when?

Discovery: Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac (1878)
First isolation: Carl Auer von Welsbach (1906)
‣ Where is ytterbium found on periodic table?

Ytterbium Periodic Table

Location: Ytterbium is found in the sixth row of the periodic table, next to the thulium element.
‣ What’s the atomic mass number for ytterbium?

Atomic number (Z): 70
‣ Periodic symbol for ytterbium

Symbol: Yb
Ytterbium atomic weight: 173.045
‣ Ytterbium is which block element?

Block: f-block
‣ What period is ytterbium on the periodic table?

Period: 6
Ytterbium atomic radius: empirical: 176 pm
Ytterbium covalent radius: 187±8 pm
‣ What is ytterbium’s melting point?

Melting point: 1097 K (824 °C, 1515 °F)
Ytterbium boiling point: 1469 K (1196 °C, 2185 °F)
‣ How many electrons does ytterbium have?

Electrons per shell: 2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
Ytterbium electron configuration: [Xe] 4f14 6s2
Ytterbium ionization energies:
1st: 603.4 kJ/mol
2nd: 1174.8 kJ/mol
3rd: 2417 kJ/mol
‣ What is the phase of ytterbium?

Phase (at r.t): solid
‣ What is the density of the element ytterbium?

Density (near r.t): 6.90 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p): 6.21 g/cm3
Ytterbium magnetic ordering: paramagnetic
Ytterbium natural occurrence: primordial
Ytterbium oxidation state: +2, +3
‣ What’s the electronegativity of ytterbium?

Electronegativity: Pauling scale: 1.1
Ytterbium poisson’s ratio: β form: 0.207
Ytterbium heat of fusion: 7.66 kJ/mol
Ytterbium heat of vaporization: 129 kJ/mol
Ytterbium molar heat capacity: 26.74 J/(mol K)
Ytterbium molar magnetic susceptibility: +249.0 × 10-6 cm3/mol (2928 K)
Speed of sound in ytterbium: 1590 m/s (at 20 °C)
Ytterbium crystal structure: face-centered cubic (fcc)
Thermal expansion of ytterbium: β, poly: 26.3 µm/(m.K) (r.t)
Thermal conductivity of ytterbium: 38.5 W/(m.K)
Ytterbium electrical resistivity: β, poly: 0.250 µΩ.m (at r.t)
‣ Ytterbium hardness

Vickers hardness: 205-250 MPa
Brinell hardness: 340-440 MPa
Young’s modulus of ytterbium: β form: 23.9 GPa
Shear modulus of ytterbium: β form: 9.9 GPa
Bulk modulus of ytterbium: β form: 30.5 GPa
Ytterbium CAS number: 7440-64-4

‣ Ytterbium vapor pressure

Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)7368139101047(1266)(1465)

‣ How many isotopes does ytterbium have?

Main isotopes of ytterbium
IsotopeAbundanceHalf-life (t1/2)Decay modeProduct
166Ybsyn56.7 hε166Tm
168Yb0.126 %stable
169Ybsyn32.026 dε169Tm
170Yb3.023 %stable
171Yb14.216 %stable
172Yb21.754 %stable
173Yb16.098 %stable
174Yb31.896 %stable
175Ybsyn4.185 dβ175Lu
176Yb12.887 %stable
177Ybsyn1.911 hβ177Lu

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