Neon Element (Periodic Table)

Neon

Neon (Ne) is a chemical element of the periodic table, located in the group 18 and the period 2, and is having the atomic number 10. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic gas, whose name comes from the Greek word “neos”, which means new. It is a member of the noble gas group.

group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
period
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
– p block

FAQs on Neon Element

Neon
‣ What does neon look like?

Appearance: colorless gas exhibiting an orange-red glow when placed in an electric field
‣ When was neon discovered and by whom?

Prediction: William Ramsay (1897)
Discovery and first isolation: William Ramsay & Morris Travers (1898)
‣ Where is neon located on the periodic table?

Neon Periodic Table

Location: Neon is found in the eighteenth column of the periodic table below the helium element.
‣ What is neon’s atomic number?

Atomic number (Z): 10
‣ What is neon’s symbol?

Symbol: Ne
‣ What is neon’s atomic weight?

Standard atomic weight: 20.1797
‣ What block does neon belong to?

Block: p-block
‣ What group is neon in on the periodic table?

Group: 18 (noble gases)
‣ What is neon’s period number?

Period: 2
Neon covalent radius: 58 pm
Neon Van der Waals radius: 154 pm
‣ What is neon’s melting point?

Melting point: 24.56 K (-248.59 °C, -415.46 °F)
‣ What is neon’s boiling point?

Boiling point: 27.104 K (-246.046 °C, -410.883 °F)
Neon critical point: 44.4918 K, 2.7686 MPa
Neon triple point: 24.556 K, 43.37 kPa
‣ How many electron shells does neon have?

Electrons per shell: 2, 8
‣ What is neon’s electron configuration?

Electron configuration: [He] 2s2 2s6
‣ What is neon ionization energy?

Ionization energies:
1st: 2080.7 kJ/mol
2nd: 3952.3 kJ/mol
3rd: 6122 kJ/mol
‣ What is neon’s phase at room temperature?

Phase (at r.t): gas
‣ What is neon’s density?

Density (at STP): 0.9002 g/cm3
when liquid (at b.p): 1.207 g/cm3
Neon magnetic ordering: diamagnetic
Neon natural occurrence: primordial
‣ What is the oxidation state of neon?

Oxidation state: 0
Neon heat of fusion: 0.335 kJ/mol
Neon heat of vaporization: 1.71 kJ/mol
Neon molar heat capacity: 20.79 J/(mol K)
Neon molar magnetic susceptibility: -6.74 × 10-6 cm3/mol (298 K)
Speed of sound in neon: 435 m/s (gas, at 0 °C)
Neon crystal structure: face-centered cubic (fcc)
Thermal conductivity of neon: 49.1 × 10-3 W/(m.K)
Bulk modulus of neon: 654 GPa
Neon CAS number: 7440-01-9

‣ Neon vapor pressure

Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)121315182127

‣ How many isotopes does neon have?

Main isotopes of neon
IsotopeAbundanceHalf-life (t1/2)Decay modeProduct
20Ne90.48 %stable
21Ne0.27 %stable
22Ne9.25 %stable

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