Nickel Element (Periodic Table)

Nickel

Nickel (Ni) is a chemical element of the periodic table, located in the group 10 and the period 4, and is having the atomic number 28. It is a hard, lustrous, silvery-white transition metal, whose name comes from the Saxon term “Kupfernickel”, which means devil’s copper.

group
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
period
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
– d block

FAQs on Nickel Element

Nickel
‣ What does nickel look like?

Appearance: lustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge
‣ When was nickel discovered and who discovered it?

Discovery and first isolation: Axel Fredrik Cronstedt (1751)
‣ Where is nickel located on the periodic table?

Nickel Periodic Table

Location: Nickel is found in the tenth column of the periodic table, next to the cobalt element.
‣ What is nickel’s atomic number?

Atomic number (Z): 28
‣ What is nickel’s symbol?

Symbol: Ni
Nickel atomic weight: 58.6934
‣ What block is nickel in on the periodic table?

Block: d-block
‣ What group is nickel in on the periodic table?

Group: 10
‣ What period is nickel on the periodic table?

Period: 4
‣ What is the atomic radius of nickel?

Atomic radius: empirical: 124 pm
Nickel covalent radius: 124±4 pm
Nickel Van der Waals radius: 163 pm
‣ What is nickel’s melting point?

Melting point: 1728 K (1455 °C, 2651 °F)
‣ What is nickel’s boiling point?

Boiling point: 3003 K (2730 °C, 4946 °F)
‣ How many electron shells does nickel have?

Electrons per shell: 2, 8, 16, 2 or 2, 8, 17, 1
‣ What is nickel electron configuration?

Electron configuration: [Ar] 3d8 4s2 or [Ar] 3d9 4s1
‣ What is the ionization energy of nickel?

Ionization energies:
1st: 737.1 kJ/mol
2nd: 1753.0 kJ/mol
3rd: 3395 kJ/mol
‣ What phase is nickel normally found in?

Phase (at r.t): solid
‣ What is nickel’s density?

Density (near r.t): 8.908 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p): 7.81 g/cm3
Nickel magnetic ordering: ferromagnetic
Nickel natural occurrence: primordial
‣ What is the oxidation state of nickel?

Oxidation state: -1, 0, +2, +3, +4
Nickel electronegativity: Pauling scale: 1.91
Nickel poisson’s ratio: 0.31
Nickel heat of fusion: 17.48 kJ/mol
Nickel heat of vaporization: 379 kJ/mol
Nickel molar heat capacity: 26.07 J/(mol K)
Speed of sound in nickel: 4900 m/s (at r.t)
‣ What is nickel crystal structure?

Crystal structure: face-centered cubic (fcc)
Thermal expansion of nickel: 13.4 µm/(m.K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity of nickel: 90.9 W/(m.K)
Nickel electrical resistivity: 69.3 nΩ.m (at 20 °C)
‣ What is nickel’s hardness?

Mohs hardness: 4.0
Vickers hardness: 638 MPa
Brinell hardness: 667-1600 MPa
Young’s modulus of nickel: 200 GPa
Shear modulus of nickel: 76 GPa
Bulk modulus of nickel: 180 GPa
Nickel CAS number: 7440-02-0

‣ Nickel vapor pressure

Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)178319502154241027413184

‣ How many isotopes does nickel have?

Main isotopes of nickel
IsotopeAbundanceHalf-life (t1/2)Decay modeProduct
58Ni68.077 %stable
59Nitrace7.6 × 104 yε59Co
60Ni26.223 %stable
61Ni1.140 %stable
62Ni3.635 %stable
63Nisyn100 yβ63Cu
64Ni0.926 %stable

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